Retrospectives are a great way for teams to explore potential improvements to the way that they work. A team will get together, discuss what is working well for them, what is not working so well, and hopefully identify ways that they could improve. It’s this last activity that can be challenging. You may know that your team is facing a problem but you might not understand your options. For example, perhaps your team is struggling with the way that it is being funded. The current funding mechanism is to estimate the cost up front and then allocate these funds to your team. This motivates your team to be wary of changing requirements due to the fear of going over budget, something that decreases your ability to produce a solution that meets the true needs of your stakeholders. You have suggested to management several times that a time and materials (T&M) approach would be more appropriate, but you have gotten nowhere with that conversation.
This is where DAD’s process goal-driven approach can help out. In this case the goal Secure Funding provides some insight. The process goal diagram, see below, along with the supporting descriptions of each technique, their advantages and disadvantages, and advice for when the technique is applicable can help your team to understand their options and hopefully argue for a better funding strategy. Although a T&M approach might not be palatable to your financial team right now, perhaps they would be willing to consider a stage gate approach to funding. Or, perhaps they would be open to a T&M approach but they just don’t understand the tradeoffs between T&M and fixed cost. With DAD’s goal-driven approach the team can arm itself with the arguments that it needs to have a knowledgeable conversation with the actual decision makers.
Of course this is just one example. The DAD framework addresses a range of goals pertinent to successful agile solution delivery, all of which can provide team’s insight into potential process improvement options. Knowing your options is an easy way to up your game during retrospectives.